The water sheds surrounding the City of Bamenda, originally covered with montane and sub-montane forest from mount Bamboutous to mount Oku is being used as grazing area by the nomadic Fulani’s and for the last couple of decades has been massively invaded by migrant potatoes and vegetable farmers, who slash and burn considerable areas of the indigenous trees, shrubs and undergrowth along the streams. The farming and grazing activities practices are most destructive of the forest. The undergrowth is slashed and set on fire. With this method, practically all big trees scorch at the base and quickly dry up and die. The biodiversity of the entire area, especially of the forest, is being systematically lost if these destructive practices are not stopped immediately.
4.1 Target Population
The direct and indirect beneficiaries involved in this project are the enormous populations of the Bamenda City council (Mankon, Nkwen, Bamendakwe, Njah, Mbatu, Nsogwa and Chomba) estimated at more than 500,000inhabitants and the population of the Tubah subdivision ( Bambui, Kedjom, Sabga, Bamesing) estimated at more than 35000inhabitants. For this project in question, there exist 3 segments that are interrelated. Therefore considering the water shed management scheme, 100 groups made of men, women and youths shall receive participatory training 6 uninterrupted years. The recycling scheme shall also be made of 100groups/year making a total of 600groups to receive participatory training in waste management for six years. Considering that a group is made up of at least 20 people, the project shall have a direct impact on 24.000 people within the period of 6 years. Indirectly this project shall have an impact on the entire population of the City and beyond. Priority shall be given to groups that are composed of the various segments of the population i.e. men, women and youth with more attention focused on gender issues. The age range of the various members is between 20 and 50 years.
Improving the livelihood base of these people through a participatory management of their ecosystems shall gradually but surely eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
4.2 Project Goal and Objectives
The goal of this project is make sustainable management of forest and water ecosystems a reality in Bamenda City Municipality and its environs. Specifically we intend to;
- Protect, redeem, conserve and sustainably manage all the water sheds/ catchments of the municipality as a unit.
-Guarantee a steady inflow of unpolluted water for drinking and irrigation in the various communities of the Bamenda municipality and its environs.
-Dredge and drain and even canalise all the main rivers and water courses (streams) that pass through the Urban centre of the Bamenda City Council
4.3 THE RESULTS THAT WILL BE ACHIEVED
8.) Increased water supply throughout the year.
9.) Improvement of the forest cover and reduction of flooding during the rainy season
10.) Free flow of water in the various water courses within the city of Bamenda
11.) Improved capacity of the stakeholders as far as ecosystem conservation, agroforestry practices and better farm practices are concerned.
12.) Reduction in the number of water born diseases within the Bamenda municipality.
13.) Establishment of nurseries in all the localities where the project is implicated.
14.) Transformation of waste to valuable products
15.) Increase ecotouristic possibilities
16.) Presence of 3 fresh water lake endowed with various fish species